Advanced Spell Summoning

conjure-up supports summoning spells that are in various stages of development by the use of channels, or from remote VCS repositories, and from a local directory on your filesystem.


Spells can be in various stages of development so channels allow users to decide if they want the latest features, or be part of a beta test; others may want to only install the most reliable software.

For example, to deploy a spell from the beta channel run:

conjure-up canonical-kubernetes --channel beta

GitHub and BitBucket

Not quite ready to push your spell to the charm registry? That’s ok, simply push your spell to GitHub and conjure-up can deploy from there:

conjure-up battlemidget/ghost

This would pull from GitHub repo

Remote web server

conjure-up will also support downloading directly from a webserver. For example, if you have your spell zipped up and stored at you could install it like so:


Local Filesystem

Passing in either the directory path of the spell or if the current working directory is a spell:

conjure-up ~/spells/openstack/openstack-novalxd

Or from cwd

~/spells/openstack/openstack-novalxd> conjure-up .

Running in headless mode

conjure-up is meant to be a teaching tool in addition to a full blown application deployment tool. By Default conjure-up will walk you through the entire deployment process and help you understand what it is you are deploying.

Where this doesn’t make sense is if you are wanting to deploy your application in an automated fashion. For example, integrating the deployment with a Jenkins CI server.

For these cases conjure-up provides a headless mode.

To deploy in a headless mode you’ll need to have credentials defined if deploying to a Public Cloud or make sure LXD is configured if deploying to Localhost.

To deploy OpenStack to a Localhost provider:

conjure-up openstack-novalxd localhost

If we want to deploy to a cloud like AWS:

conjure-up canonical-kubernetes aws

Note: Keep in mind you’ll need to have credentials defined, see Juju credentials for more details.

Customising deployment phases

Currently, if no controller or model is defined during a headless install they will be auto-generated based on the spell and cloud chosen.

However, those controllers and models can be defined to better reflect your deployment preferences. For example, you have a controller sitting in a data centre named dc1 and it houses 3 deployments named test-deploy, stage-deploy, and production-deploy.

To accomplish a naming strategy to reflect this design you can pass in a third and fourth argument to conjure-up to define those phases:

conjure-up canonical-kubernetes aws dc1 test-deploy
conjure-up canonical-kubernetes aws dc1 stage-deploy
conjure-up canonical-kubernetes aws dc1 production-deploy

Customising headless mode

Post deployment actions are exposed to the environment via environment variables. Some actions may require you to input data depending on what is required. An example would be input the path of your public ssh key so that your OpenStack deployment can make those available to the compute nodes.

To see what environment variables you can set prior to running a headless mode install, run the following:

conjure-up --show-env openstack-novalxd localhost

You should see output similar to:

Available environment variables:

| ENV          | DEFAULT           |                                                         |
| SSHPUBLICKEY | ~/.ssh/ | Import SSH keypairs into OpenStack. This allows you to  |
|              |                   | access the newly deployed instances via SSH with your   |
|              |                   | current user. If you are not sure about the location of |
|              |                   | a ssh key leave it as is and we will create one         |
|              |                   | automatically.                                          |

See for more
information on using these variables to further customise your deployment.

In order to change it from it’s default of ~/.ssh/ you would simply do:

SSHPUBLICKEY=/home/bob/ conjure-up openstack-novalxd localhost

Running conjure-up remotely

If you ssh into a separate machine to run conjure-up and you deploy spells such as openstack-novalxd to localhost and you want to be able to access things like the openstack dashboard.

The simplest way to accomplish this is on your local machine run the following:

sudo apt install sshuttle
sshuttle -r <remote-host-ip> <subnet-of-localhost-deployment>

The subnet of localhost is going to be what conjure-up configured the network bridge for. By default this is set to Lets also say the remote host’s ip is so you’ll want to do the following

sshuttle -r

[local sudo] Password:
client: Connected.

It will then ask you to enter your sudo password and once complete will let you know that the sshuttle is connected. From there you can open your web browser and access the horizon dashboard as if it was running on your local machine.

Assuming the openstack-dashboard was deployed to a machine whose ip is, you could run: